|Rules of conflict for a world war|
By Efraim Halevi
07/07/05 "The Jerusalem Post" - -
The multiple, simultaneous explosions that took place today on the London transportation system were the work of perpetrators who had an operational capacity of considerable scope. They have come a long way since the two attacks of the year 1998 against the American embassies in Nairobi and Dar-Es-Salaam, and the aircraft actions of September 11, 2001.
There was careful planning, intelligence gathering, and a sophisticated choice of timing as well as near-perfect execution. We are faced with a deadly and determined adversary who will stop at nothing and will persevere as long as he exists as a fighting terrorist force.
One historical irony: I doubt whether the planners knew that one of the target areas, that in Russell Square, was within a stone's throw of a building that served as the first headquarters of the World Zionist Organization that preceded the State of Israel.
It was at 77 Great Russell Street that Dr. Chaim Weizmann, a renowned chemist, presided over the effort that culminated in the issuing of the Balfour Declaration, the first international recognition of the right of the Jewish people to a national home in what was then still a part of the Ottoman Empire.
We are in the throes of a world war, raging over the entire globe and characterized by the absence of lines of conflict and an easily identifiable enemy. There are sometimes long pauses between one attack and another, consequently creating the wrong impression that the battle is all over, or at least in the process of being won.
Generally speaking, the populations at large are not involved in the conflict, and by and large play the role of bystanders. But once in a while, these innocents are caught up in the maelstrom and suffer the most cruel and wicked of punishments meted out by those who are not bound by any rules of conduct or any norms of structured society. For a while, too short a while, we are engrossed with the sheer horror of what we see and hear, but, with the passage of time, our memories fade and we return to our daily lives, forgetting that the war is still raging out there and more strikes are sure to follow.
It cannot be said that seven years after this war broke out in east Africa, we can see its conclusion. We are in for the long haul and we must brace ourselves for more that will follow. The 'Great Wars' of the 20th century lasted less than this war has already lasted, and the end is nowhere in sight.
There will be supreme tests of leadership in this unique situation and people will have to trust the wisdom and good judgment of those chosen to govern them. The executives must be empowered to act resolutely and to take every measure necessary to protect the citizens of their country and to carry the combat into whatever territory the perpetrators and their temporal and spiritual leaders are inhabiting.
The rules of combat must be rapidly adjusted to cater to the necessities of this new and unprecedented situation, and international law must be rewritten in such a way as to permit civilization to defend itself. Anything short of this invites disaster and must not be allowed to happen.
The aim of the enemy is not to defeat western civilization but to destroy its sources of power and existence, and to render it a relic of the past. It does not seek a territorial victory or a regime change; it wants to turn western civilization into history and will stop at nothing less than that.
It will show no mercy or compassion and no appreciation for these noble values when practiced by us. This does not mean that we can or should assume the norms of our adversaries, nor that we should act indiscriminately. It does mean that the only way to ensure our safety and security will be to obtain the destruction, the complete destruction, of the enemy.
MUCH HAS been said in recent years about the vital need for international cooperation. There is no doubt that this is essential. Yet no measure of this will suffice and it cannot replace the requirement that each and every country effectively declare itself at war with international Islamist terror and recruit the public to involve itself actively in the battle, under the direction of the legal powers that be.
In the past, governments have been expected to provide security to their citizens. The responsibility is still there, in principle. But in practice, no government today can provide an effective 'suit of protection' for the ordinary citizen. There can be no protection for every bus, every train, every street, every square. In these times the ordinary citizen must be vigilant and must make his personal contribution to the war effort. Private enterprise will have to supplement the national effort in many walks of life.
The measures that I have outlined above will not be easily adopted overnight. When the US entered World War Two, Congress approved the momentous decision by a majority of one vote. Profound cultural changes will have to come about and the democratic way of life will be hard-pressed to produce solutions that will enable the executive branch to perform its duties and, at the same time, to preserve the basic tenets of our democratic way of life. It will not be easy, but it will be essential not to lose sight of every one of these necessities.
This war is already one of the longest in modern times; as things appear now, it is destined to be part of our daily lives for many years to come, until the enemy is eliminated, as it surely will be.
The writer, who heads the Center for Strategic and Policy Studies at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, is a former head of the Mossad.
Copyright 1995-2005 The Jerusalem Post
|The Clove Club is the organisation for anyone who attended Hackney Downs School (formerly The Grocers' Company's School), Downs Park Road, London, E.5.|
The School closed at the end of 1995 but The Clove Club, the Old Boys Association, flourishes with just over 800 members on the books.
Membership of the Club is open to anyone, former pupil or former member of the staff, and its principle aim is to seek to promote and prolong the friendships formed at School and to make it possible, in later life, to meet again those with whom you will have shared some of your most important and formative years.
|Michael Levy, Baron Levy|
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Michael Abraham Levy, Baron Levy (born 11 July 1944) is a British politician, a Labour member of the House of Lords and the major fundraiser for the UK Labour Party and several Jewish and Israeli charities. A long-standing friend of the Prime Minister, Tony Blair, Lord Levy is in the unique position of being an important pro-Israel lobbyist and Tony Blair's special envoy to the Middle East since 2002. Levy was arrested and questioned in connection with the "Cash for Peerages" inquiry by the Metropolitan Police on 12 July 2006. After six hours of questioning he was released on police bail. On 20 September 2006 he was questioned a second time, and again released on bail. On 30 January 2007 Lord Levy was arrested on suspicion of conspiring to pervert the course of justice.
|Mossad moves to reopen spy base in Britain|
The Daily Telegraph
London, April 5 1998
by Uzi Mahnaimi Tel Aviv
WHEN Ephraim Halevy, the new British-born head of Mossad, starts work this week, his first target will be London. Eleven years after Margaret Thatcher shut down the Israeli foreign intelligence service's station in Palace Green, Kensington, and expelled its operatives, Halevy wants Mossad to resume its activities in Britain. Intelligence sources say Halevy considers the issue so important that he has already asked Benjamin Netanyahu, the prime minister, to raise it when Tony Blair visits Israel later this month.
The negotiations will be delicate. A furious Thatcher, then prime minister, closed Mossad's London base in 1987 after it was discovered that Israeli agents had withheld from British intelligence information about a plot to assassinate a Palestinian journalist. Naji Ali, a cartoonist, was shot dead in a South Kensington street.
Although it has never entirely halted activities in Britain, Mossad's ability to operate has been seriously hampered by its "illegal" status.
Halevy believes Britain is the leading European centre for Arab and Muslim fundamentalists. Hamas, the fundamentalist Palestinian group that has sent a series of suicide bombers against Israeli targets, receives a significant amount of its funding from supporters in England.
Mossad wants help in stopping Hamas raise money, ostensibly for humanitarian causes, some of which is believed to go to the families of suicide bombers.
As well as providing information on Hamas, the new station would monitor British-based members and supporters of Hezbollah, the Iranian-backed militia that is fighting the Israeli army in southern Lebanon, and would keep an eye on representatives of hardline Middle East states such as Iran, Iraq and Syria.
If anyone can persuade the British government to allow Mossad back in, it is Halevy. Brought up in north London, he is the nephew of the late Sir Isaiah Berlin, who was sent by Winston Churchill to the British embassy in Washington 25 years ago to liaise with American Jews and the Central Intelligence Agency. Their respect was mutual.
"Each time he was in London we met," Berlin once said of Halevy. "We never talked about intelligence matters even though I knew he was a Mossad man. This guy Ephraim is a true Israeli patriot who knows his job."
Halevy, 63, who left Britain for Israel as a teenager, proved his diplomatic skills in unusual fashion. In 1987 he was stopped by police for speeding at 100mph down the M4 on his way to represent Mossad at a secret meeting between King Hussein of Jordan and Shimon Peres, then Israeli foreign minister. He was let off without showing his Israeli diplomatic passport or his British one, and even persuaded the officers to escort him.
Halevy will need all his charm and talent, however, if he is to succeed in restoring the Israeli intelligence agency not only to London, but to its former reputation.
A one-time Mossad operative himself - he resigned after being refused the top job and served as ambassador to the European Union in Brussels until his appointment last month - Halevy is taking over an organisation deeply demoralised by a series of embarrassing blunders.
The agency has yet to recover from an operation in Jordan last September, when operatives were caught red-handed and imprisoned after trying to assassinate a Hamas leader on an Amman street by squirting poison into his ear.
It was Halevy's personal intervention with King Hussein, a long-standing friend, that soothed anger in the Arab country with which Israel has the warmest relations.
|Naji al-Ali: The timeless conscience of Palestine|
Arjan El Fassed, The Electronic Intifada, 22 July 2004
On Wednesday July 22 1987 at five in the afternoon, Palestinian cartoonist Naji Al-Ali parked his car in southwest London, and walked a few meters towards the offices of the Kuwaiti newspaper Al-Qabas where he worked. He was shot in the head by a gunman, dressed in a denim jacket, who walked calmly away down Draycott, near Sloane Square and vanished.
After five weeks in a coma on a life support machine at St Stephen's hospital and the neurosurgical department of Charing Cross hospital in London, Naji al-Ali died at 5am on Saturday, August 30, 1987 at the age of 49.
A friend of Naji al-Ali was quoted saying that he had been warned his life was in danger in a telephone call from a senior member of the PLO in Tunis. The telephone call, two weeks before the murder, came after the publication of a cartoon attacking a female friend of PLO leader Yasser Arafat. "The cartoon was famous in the Arab community," the friend said. The caller said: "You must correct your attitude."
"Don't say anything against the honest people, otherwise we will have business to sort you out," the caller continued. Naji al-Ali ignored the warning and published a cartoon lampooning Arafat and his henchmen on 24 June.
Naji al-Ali came to London in 1985. He was married and had five children. The editor of Al-Qabas, who was quoted in the London Times said that Naji al-Ali had received more than a hundred death threats over the years. "I don't know who could be responsible because he has been a critic of so many groups. But because of the way things are in Arab politics, nothing surprises me," he said. "Our paper is an independent one and is not a strong critic of any particular group, so I cannot see why there should be an attack on us. I think it was meant as a direct attack on him."
In an article in Middle East International (10 October 1987), Professor Hisham Sharabi of Georgetown University wrote:
"Who is responsible for the murder of Naji al-Ali? Who is responsible for the murder of tens of Palestinians -- we all know who they are -- who paid for their freedom of conscience with their lives?"
"It was our silence and our fear that made us accept without protest the curtailment of free discussion and to allow terrorism to determine the way our differences are settled. History has shown that when liberation movements stifle liberty they become incapable of carrying out the task of liberation; they close in upon themselves and blindly submit to violence. There is in the murder of Naji al-Ali a lesson, which if we fail to understand we will lose the ability to liberate ourselves and to determine our destiny [...] Without free and uninhibited debate, the achievement potential the Palestinians have in all fields will continue to be repressed or wasted, and with it their ability to confront and solve their problems. If the catastrophe toward which the Palestinians now seem to be heading is allowed to occur, they will have no one to blame but themselves."
Naji al-Ali is one of the most influential commentators on Palestine. His works influenced all kinds of people, who used to wait impatiently every morning, to see his drawings on the last page of many Arab dailies. Every cartoon that al-Ali drew, featured his famous hand-made character-the bare-foot little boy 'Hanthalah' who turned his back to the world and who became a trademark throughout his long career. The idea came to him when he was working in Kuwait during the early 1960s. "I created this character to symbolize my lost childhood," he said.
"This child, as you can see is neither beautiful, spoiled, nor even well-fed. He is barefoot like many children in refugee camps. Those who came to know 'Hanthala,' as I discovered later, adopted him because he is affectionate, honest, outspoken, and a bum. He is an icon that stands to watch me from slipping. And his hands behind his back are a symbol of rejection of all the present negative tides in our region."
Frequently detained by police and frequently censored, al-Ali was expelled from Kuwait in 1985. He moved to London where he continued to work until he was shot. Naji Al-Ali's death marked the end of an era, and ironically the beginning of the Intifada in occupied Palestine.
Born in Al Shajarah village near Nazareth in 1937, he was a victim of the Nakba in 1948. His family was forced to leave to Ein Hilwa refugee camp in south Lebanon. His artistic career began in Lebanon during the late 1950s. "I started to use drawing as a form of political expression while in Lebanese jails. I was detained by the Deuxi�me Bureau (the Lebanese intelligence service) as a result of the measures the Bureau were undertaking to contain political activities in the Palestinian camps during the sixties. I drew on the prison walls."
The late Palestinian novelist Ghassan Kanafani, who owned al-Horiya magazine in Lebanon, and who was assassinated in Beirut in 1971, saw some of his drawings and encouraged him to continue, and eventually published two cartoons in his magazine.
The years spent in the refugee camp influenced Naji al-Ali immensely, and it was there that he first witnessed the constraints imposed on the Palestinian people. He swore then to immerse himself in politics and serve the Palestinian revolution by all the means at his disposal. Al-Ali was originally trained as a mechanic, but his first love was always drawing, which led him to a one-year art course at the Lebanese Art Academy. It wasn't until later, when he worked as a journalist in Kuwait, where he first worked as an editor, reporter, and even as a secretary, at Al Tale'ah weekly magazine.
"I was able there to express my feelings and thoughts through the medium of cartoons." Al Ali said. He often defined himself as a realist, one aligned to his social class, the poor. This point of view was apparent in the majority of his cartoons. "The poor people are those who suffer, are sentenced to jail, and die without shedding tears," al-Ali once said. Later on, he returned to the old camp in south Lebanon, and found work with Al-Safir newspaper, but he was dismayed at the change in attitudes.
"When I left the camp, everyone held dearly to the idea of liberating the whole of Palestine, but on my return, I found that people were content with liberating less than half of it," al-Ali was once quoted. He thought that the pursuit of money was responsible for the change in principles.
During the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982, Al-Ali was forced to leave his home again, but this time on ships filled with hundreds of Palestinian fighters. After several years of displacement, he finally settled back in Kuwait, where he found work with the prominent Arab daily, Al-Qabbas. He soon found pressure and threats from certain political groups, and was forced to move to Al Qabass' branch in London. It was his last move before his death in 1987.
Naji Al-Ali used only simple lines and traces to depict his ideas and thoughts onto paper. His works and thoughts were impressive and unusual.
In 1992 an Arabic motion picture about his life was made. The movie "Naji al-Ali" featuring Egyptian actor Noor El-Sharif gained widespread admiration and respect from around the Arab world.
Ten months after Naji al-Ali was shot, Scotland Yard arrested a Palestinian student who turned out to be a Mossad agent. Under interrogation, the Jerusalem-born man, Ismail Suwan, said that his superiors in Tel Aviv had been briefed well in advance of the plot to kill the cartoonist.
By refusing to pass on the relevant information to their British counterparts, Mossad earned the displeasure of Britain, which retaliated by expelling two Israeli diplomats from London. A furious Margaret Thatcher, then prime minister, closed Mossad's London base in Palace Green, Kensington. Undeterred by the British reaction, Mossad used forged passports of another Western government to send its agents to Tunisia to lay the groundwork for the assassination of Abu Jihad.
Israel and Britain had been in contact for several months via diplomatic channels concerning Suwan's revelations that he had worked with the Mossad. Newspapers reported that the action was partially a result of accumulating British grievances against the Mossad, including the abduction of Mordechai Vanunu and the use of British passports, found in a phone booth in West Germany in 1987. However, despite the arrests by Scotland Yard and an investigation by MI5, the assassin's identity has never been revealed.
Throughout history artists have faced the threat of violence when their work offended the state or the political elite. The late Palestinian cartoonist Naji Al-Ali produced thousands of cartoons satirizing the powers that be in the Middle East, and paid the ultimate price for his expression.
Naji al-Ali is still the most popular artist in the Arab world, loved for his defense of the ordinary people, and for his criticism of repression and despotism. Paradoxically, strict censorship and widespread illiteracy in the Arab world helped him to achieve his remarkable success. His unrelenting cartoons exposed the brutality of the Israeli army and the hypocrisy of the PLO, earning him many powerful enemies.
|Israel says London attacks prove Britain should be tougher on Islam|
*** Israeli experts claim that the tragic terrorist attacks yesterday prove Britain should have clamped down harder on Muslims. British police still refuse to speculate about who might have been responsible. Are the Israelis making assumptions? Or do they know more than the British police about the trail of evidence and where it will lead? ***
Analysis: Israeli experts say UK didn't dig deep enough in uprooting Islamists
Conforming to the restrained British character, Thursday's attacks are more likely to lead to measured, surgical steps against terrorists rather than bombastic crackdowns, Israeli counter-terrorism analysts say.
A former senior IDF intelligence officer said the attack was probably linked with al-Qaida and should serve as a catalyst for setting up a global counter-terrorism headquarters. The terror attacks were also likely greatly helped by sleeper cells inside Britain, one analyst said.
Maj.-Gen. (res.) Ya'acov Amidror, a former chief of IDF intelligence assessment, said that post-9/11 – with the exception of Madrid – the West had been able to foil attempted al-Qaida attacks.
Except for Madrid, all major al-Qaida attacks since September 11 were in either Muslim countries or poorly functioning countries like Kenya.
"The key to fighting this global terror network is closer cooperation between the various security agencies in the world," Amidror told Army Radio from London, where he was touring.
Moti Cristal, an expert in negotiation and a fellow at the Institute for Counterterrorism at the Herzliya Interdisciplinary Center, said British security had not been caught sleeping, but rather didn't root out terror cells with enough resolve.
"In the past two years, they have arrested several cells. But this attack shows they didn't go deep enough and this is mainly due to legal and cultural restrictions. Now they will be much freer to go deeper," Cristal predicted.
Cristal explained that British attempts to enact antiterrorism measures following the attacks of September 11 were "bashed by the House of Lords and the liberal nature of the British people. Now this attack will provide a very important backing for their government to do what they know they should do and this is to take much more countermeasures and surgical operations without breaking the very delicate relationship with Britain's Muslims."
He added that the attack was not aimed at influencing certain events and had no immediate political goal. This is in contrast with the Madrid bombings, which were scheduled to influence Spain's national elections and pressure the country to remove its troops from Iraq.
Cristal believed the timing was more likely linked to the announcement of London as the host of the 2012 Olympic Games than the G8 gathering in Scotland.
"They did it to humiliate the British and to show the world how vulnerable London is. It was anger, revenge and punishment for what they conceived as British arrogance and support for the United States."
Cristal said that retaliation by Britain was not an issue.
"It's about preventing the next attack. The big challenge the Brits are facing now is to use this chance to redefine the balance between human rights and measures against terrorism," he said.
Dr. Hanan Shai, a lecturer on military and security at the Hebrew University, said care needed to taken to prevent the terrorists from achieving their aim of forcing the West to destroy itself by limiting freedoms.
"In the long run, their great achievement is to cause a blow to individual rights. Success for them would be for modern Western society, by its own hand, to turn into a totalitarian one," Shai said. "From attack to attack we become less pluralistic."
Still, he advocated a stronger stand against suicide bombers. The report that at least one of the bombs in London was set off by a suicide bomber should awaken the need to tackle the outdated rules of war which ignore terrorists' violations of morality, he said.
Jerusalem Post, "Analysis: Israeli experts say UK didn't dig deep enough in uprooting Islamists", 8 July 2005.
|QUOTE (The Antagonist @ Apr 12 2006, 04:27 PM)|
|A Jewish chemist by the name of Dr. Chaim (pronounced 'hime') Weizman developed a powerful process for producing explosives that the British desperately needed. As payment for the use of his process, he negotiated with the British to promise to provide "a national home for my people." Weizman succeeded in raising the Zionist movement into global attention. (Ultimately, he became the first President of the new State of Israel.)|
|The British had also promised Arab leaders to support the creation of independent Arab states. The Arabs believed Palestine was among these, an intention that the British later denied."|
|1865 - Founding of Palestine Exploration Fund|
"In 1865, under the patronage of Queen Victoria, all of the elite
institutions of Britain, including the Anglican Church, the Grand Lodge of
England, Oxford and Cambridge Universities, etc., gathered to fund a new
institution, the Palestine Exploration Fund, dedicated to the 'rediscovery' of
the Holy Land. The PEF's first Secretary Treasurer [was] freemason Walter
"The PEF was founded for three purposes:
1) 'With the avowed intention of gradually introducing the Jews, pure and
simple, who is eventually to occupy and govern this country...'
2) To survey every inch of the territory on both sides of the Jordan, for
British military-strategic purposes...
3) To give the gnostic British gamemasters an open-ended tool to reinterpret
the Bible, and thus to manipulate the minds of hundreds of millions of
Christians and Jews. As Besant, a raving gnostic and brother-in-law of Theosophy
cult leader Annie Besant, put it, 'The principal reason alleged for conducting
this inquiry was the illustration of the Bible which might be expected to follow
such an investigation.'... Said Besant, 'The work before the Committee of the
Fund, as regards Jerusalem, was, therefore, briefly this: We proposed nothing
less than the absolute identification of every sacred site.' Special attention
should be given to the Temple Mount and the issue of the Temple of Solomon...
Thus was founded the vast discipline of 'Biblical Archaeology.'
|On the one hand were those who had an instinctive sympathy with and fellow feeling for Jews notably including Lloyd George, Winston Churchill and one of the first in a long line of those on the British left to identify with the Zionist cause, the editor of the Manchester Guardian, C P Scott, who introduced Weizmann to Lloyd George. Professor Rose says one explanation for Lloyd George's sympathy with Zionism "was that he also came from a small oppressed minority". But he adds that steeped in a Welsh non-conformist education in which the Old Testament was an integral part, "Lloyd George was once asked where he envisaged the borders of a Jewish Palestine and he said immediately: 'from Dan to Beersheeba'."|
According to Professor Rose, Harold Nicolson, the diarist and Tory MP who was an enthusiastic "gentile Zionist", said he saw the Jewish homeland "as a way of confining the Jews to a super-Butlins holiday camp, as a way of dealing with a minority problem". At the same time many of these groups had an almost mythical belief in the power of Jews to control financial and many other institutions. As such they were seen as ideal, explains Professor Rose, to acts as a pro-British bulwark on behalf of Britain, not least to help protect the Suez Canal and act as a counterweight in the Middle East against French influence.
|When considering this it might be useful to consider a diary entry in Amery's Diary (an inner circle member of Milner's Group) that concerned their longer term thinking in regard to the 1917 Balfour Declaration and the amking of the Jewish homeland in Palestine:|
"Our ultimate ends, he writes in 1928, "is clearly to make Palestine the centre of a western influence, using the Jews as we have the Scots (my emphasis), to carry the English ideal through the middle east and not merely to make an artificial oriental enclave in an oriental country."
|Last Updated: Thursday, 9 October, 2003, 04:22 GMT 05:22 UK |
Public 'must prepare for terror attack'
Individuals and private companies should take responsibility for preparing themselves for a terrorist attack, a security conference is to be told.
A former head of Israeli intelligence service Mossad will say that governments, including Britain's, cannot be expected to protect everyone.
Efraim Halevy will also tell the London meeting that he is deeply concerned about Iran's nuclear programme.
Thursday's one-day event is aimed at bringing together experts in terrorism and security from both the British government and the private sector.
Mr Halevy, who spent four years running Mossad before he stepped down in 2002, spoke to the BBC about his concerns on the eve of the conference.
Whitehall officials, local authorities and others will hear him argue that the new age of terrorism has changed the way countries need to prepare themselves.
He said the public and businesses need to budget for how they would survive the effects of an attack.
Mr Halevy, who spent 38 years in Israeli secret intelligence and developed close working relations with several Arab governments, said he was particularly worried about Iran.
He also condemned Syria's conduct during the Iraq war, but said that confronting Saddam Hussein was the right thing to do.
Although no weapons of mass destruction have since been found, Mr Halevy said he had no doubt whatsoever that Saddam intended to manufacture such weapons.
He said the final story in Iraq has yet to be told.
Security firm Ozonelink, the company behind the conference, said it is intended to look at what the security issues facing the public and private sectors are.
The firm said that at present civilians "attach little credibility, see no relevance, or feel there is little they could do to prepare for the next 'event'".
|FORMER HEAD OF ISRAEL’s SECRET INTELLIGENCE SERVICE MAKES KEYNOTE ADDRESS AT OZONELINK’S UK HOMELAND SECURITY SUMMIT – LONDON|
London October 14, 2003. Leading homeland security experts met in London last week at a one day Summit on the subject of the management of homeland security in the UK. Brought together by Ozonelink, leaders in the field of Homeland Defence, the Summit, held on October 9 at The Dorchester, was led by key note speaker, Mr Efraim Halevy, former Head of Israel Secret Intelligence Service and former National Security Advisor to the Prime Minister of Israel.
Speaking at the Summit, Mr Efriam Halevy opened by saying that:- “In the last decade international terror has become an existential threat to free society. In the years 1994 to 1998 the Bin Laden threat became known but the scope of the threat could not have been gauged at the time. It was not realised until the US embassy bombings in Africa. At that time defence and security were considered secondary and tertiary priorities.
“Nine-eleven changed the world. These targets were not random, they were very specific and were meant to destabilise not only the Government but the world economy. When these terrorists took a conventional tactic and made it an unconventional one by turning the plane into an incendiary bomb – the lines between conventional and unconventional attacks were then blurred. This was a quantum leap in terrorism and it was then, that it was decided that the breeding grounds for terrorists had to be destroyed.”
Halevy went on to say: “The challenges for the public and the private sector are that it is now rational and brilliant people who are engaged in this battle of wits. They for sure, counter your counter measures. You can’t protect everyone and the Government can’t afford to have a guard on every bus. With two of the most recent bombings in Israel it’s been hard to now profile a suicide bomber – as now it could be a preacher or a lawyer and female at that.
“I also see that we are also on the verge of cyber terrorism. I see cyber and mega terrorism as the two main threats for the world to watch out for. I see no easy deterrent to terrorism, they will do it come what may.” He concluded.
Dr. Edward Klinger, CEO, Ozonelink summed up: “The recurring themes throughout the Summit have been that first and foremost strong leadership will be the key to how successfully we prepare and respond to the new type of terrorism threats that were discussed. Secondly, because demands will greatly exceed resources in a major terrorist event, organisations must plan today as to how they will respond with or without any help from government services. Thirdly, technology is a force multiplier which when properly applied can enable us to prepare and respond in a more effective manner – be these escape sleeves from tall buildings to cargo tracking systems to simulations of missiles against civilian aircraft. Fourth, new types of commercial frameworks must be introduced in order to pay for the high cost of these preparations - an example being Ozonelink’s special leasing programme whereby kit or systems may be secured at dramatically lower costs than conventional procurement methods. Finally, the private and public sectors must enjoin in the homeland security effort in order to succeed.”
- ends -
About Ozonelink Ltd
Ozonelink is a London headquartered international leader in homeland defence solutions. The firm’s hallmark is bundling the most advanced technology into discreet, easy-to-use, tough-as-nails security and emergency products, systems and services.
We equip military, police, emergency services, and municipalities with sophisticated technologies ranging from revolutionary respirators to real-time threat management systems to protect against shoulder-launched missiles, chemical-biological attacks and natural disasters.
Our experts perform risk assessments all sized organisations. We supply businesses, authorities, hospitals, hotels, schools, factories and utilities with leading edge technologies ranging from protective clothing to safe-room filters to protect staff and ensure business continuity.
|THE PORTLAND TRUST ANNUAL LECTURE|
Intelligence and the Making of Foreign Policy: A Personal Reflection
Head of the Center for Strategic and Policy Studies, the Hebrew University
Head of the MOSSAD (19982002)
Monday 21 June, 2004
The Locarno Suite, Foreign & Commonwealth Office, King Charles Street, London, SW1A
Intelligence and the Making of Foreign Policy
It is both an honour and a privilege for me to have been invited to deliver the first Portland Trust annual lecture; for this I am indeed grateful to Sir Ronald Cohen, Sir Harry Solomon and to Ellis Goodman who have laboured over the past few years together with Jonathan Kestenbaum to create this unique Trust dedicated to advancing the cause of peace in the Middle East.
As I look to the future, to the decade to come, I believe that the existential threats of international terror and WMD will become even more central than ever to the survival of free society. Given the unique task that intelligence will have in collecting vital information on the threats, conducting an ongoing evaluation of them and providing the political master both with the product and operational option resulting from it, there is no doubt that intelligence the world over is destined to play an enhanced role in the highest levels of Government. Political masters will have to rely more than ever before, on the quality of their intelligence systems and on the professional integrity and operational excellence of their intelligence chiefs. One can conjure up scenes and scenarios the likes of which have never been seen before; there may be times when drastic action may be necessary in quickly unfolding emergency situations
Often there will be either shortage of information or a dangerous abundance. There will rarely be enough time or energy to quietly iron things out. It will need an enormous amount of courage on the part of intelligence chiefs to state their views and to take risks in promoting them. And it will place upon political masters the burden of arguing with their chiefs but ultimately, giving them the support and backing they will need so vitally. The dialogue between the two will be as intensive as never before; the ultimate product of this dialogue, whatever it is, will have to be coupled with mutual support up to the hilt.
One of the major tasks now confronting political masters will be to find ways and means of educating the public to put their trust in the intelligence capabilities of the country and in those who have been chosen to operate them. Public debates on intelligence could end in real disaster; it could jeopardize and even compromise delicate sources and it could also destroy confidence in the intelligence community to the extent that this community could no longer perform its task. Self-confidence is vital to the successful conduct of intelligence. In extreme circumstances, the destruction of this essential ingredient could break the backbone of intelligence with catastrophic consequences. I hope the powers that be will never let this happen.
|Sir Harry Solomon|
Sir Harry is a founder and Vice Chairman of The Portland Trust. He qualified as a solicitor in March 1960 and practised law until 1974 when he co-founded and became Chairman and Chief Executive of Hillsdown Holdings plc. Hillsdown became one of the largest food producers in Europe with a turnover of over £3 billion and employing over 50,000 people. The company had operations throughout Europe, Canada and America and was floated on the London Stock Exchange in 1984.
Since Sir Harry resigned as Chairman of Hillsdown Holdings he has been involved in many businesses and charitable organisations both in England and overseas.
He was the Chairman of the Appeals Committee for the Royal College of Physicians and is an Honorary Fellow of the College. He is also a Trustee of the National Life Story Collection.
He was awarded his Knighthood 1991 for services to the food industry.
David Freud has been the chief executive of The Portland Trust since late 2005. In January 2008 he was also appointed adviser to the UK Government on reforming the welfare system, following his report in March 2007: “Reducing Dependency; Increasing Opportunity”.
He was the former Vice Chairman of Investment Banking for UBS where he ran the global franchises for transport, leisure and business services. In the late 1980s he played a key role in transforming the merchant banking culture and organisation of S.G. Warburg for the investment banking arena. He was responsible for two complex restructurings: Nats in 2003 and the Channel Tunnel Rail Link in 1998. His deal experience spans the world, with keynote transactions including floats of Deutsche Post, Autostrade, Eurotunnel, Qantas, easyJet and the Hong Kong metro.
His book “Freud in the City”, an insider account of the post-Big Bang revolution in London’s finance industry, was published in May 2006. Prior to his banking career, David worked at the Financial Times for eight years, four of which were spent writing the Lex column.
|Sir Harry Solomon|
Sir Harry, founder of Hillsdown Holdings plc, has been involved in Quest since 1999 and provides direction and strategic advice to the Board. He qualified and practised as a solicitor, and is currently a director of several companies both within the UK and abroad providing commercial expertise at the highest level.
Quest - Board
Mr. Halevy was born in London , U.K., in 1934. He received his high school education at the Grocers' Company School in London. He emigrated to Palestine in 1948 and entered the Hebrew University in Jerusalem in 1952.
Mr. Halevy graduated with a Master of Laws cum laude in 1956. He was president of the National Union of Israeli Students 1955- 1957; he entered the Mossad in 1961, and was promoted to deputy division chief and member of the governing body of the Mossad in 1967; he served as a member of the body till 1995 for twenty-eight and a half years.
He served in the Israel Embassy in Washington. D.C., 1970-1974 and in the Israel Embassy in Paris , 1976-1979.
Mr. Halevy commanded three divisions as division chief for three five-year periods between 1980-1995. He served as deputy Head of the Mossad, 1990-1995, as Israeli Ambassador to the European Union, 1996-1998, as head of the Mossad, 1998-2002, and as head of the National Security Council and National Security Advisor to Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, 2002-2003
Since 2004, Mr. Halevy as served as head of the Center for Strategic and Policy Studies, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Business and Public Affairs Activities:
Director, Board Member, Makhteshim Agan, 2003-2006
Fellow Portland Trust, 2004- ( founded and chaired by Sir Ronald Cohen , founder of Apax and its CEO till 2006 )
Participant and member of the Middle East and International Advisory Fora - Bertelsmann Foundation - Federal Republic of Germany , 2005- Special Advisor, Quest Ltd., London (chaired by Lord Stevens, former Commissioner London Metropolitan Police)
Member International Advisory Board, Athlone Global Security, Canada , 2005
- Recently published a book "Man in the Shadows - Inside the Middle East Crisis with a Man who led the Mossad," (St. Martins), 2006
U.S. / Middle East Project
|Mossad’s major blunder|
London Bombing a Mossad false-flag operation
The only people who had prior knowledge of the London Bomb attacks on the 7th
July 2005 would have been the perpetrators of the attack. We have already been
informed that the Israeli Finance Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu was warned prior
to the event, supposedly by Scotland Yard. This is not correct. A later
version states that the warning went to the Israeli Embassy and then to
Netanyahu, but again it appears that the second story is also flawed.
An article printed in the Jerusalem Post on the 7th July 2005, the same day as
the bombing was authored by Efraim Halevi, a former head of Mossad, and dwelt
upon the London Bombings, and made mention of facts that were at that stage
unknown, such as the fact that the bombs detonated on the trains were detonated
simultaneously. This fact was not picked up on as the original times of the
explosions were logged on at the time the explosions were reported. [“The
multiple, simultaneous explosions that took place yesterday on the London
transportation system were the work of perpetrators who had an operational
capacity of considerable scope.”]
It was also first reported that the explosions were not bombs but ‘power
surges’, which again meant that Halevi’s article conflicted with facts released
at the time. The only way that Halevi could get it right if the known facts
were wrong was by prior knowledge.
Halevi also praised the work of the ‘terrorists’ stating how good it was, but
when the supposed ‘terrorists’ were identified within days, and video
photographs that appeared to have been interfered with were released, it was
demonstrated that the tracking and detailing of the supposed ‘terrorists’ by the
‘Security Services’ was even better, almost as if they knew.
But there was a major blunder. Halevi’s article was supposed to have been
printed on the 8th July. Please read the quote again. It stated ‘yesterday’,
but it was in fact printed on the very day of the bombing, and there is only a 2
hour time difference between Jerusalem and London. In other words, the former
head of Mossad knew in advance that a bombing in London was to take place, and
in particular the bombing in Tavistock Place, on the bus.
Again when the article was written, there were no specifics concerning the train
bombs, only that they were simultaneous. No locations, and thus it can be
demonstrated that the bombs were not detonated independently by suicide bombers,
but rather by a single device, and that Halevi did not have that information
when the article was written, because the article was written prior to the event.
When the error was identified, the articles placed on the Internet were changed
to read ‘today’ instead of ‘yesterday’, but then the next blunder occurred. The
original article was released as an educational discussion paper in its original
We can now demonstrate that the former head of Mossad, Efraim Halevi, and his
chief, the Former Israeli Prime Minister and current Israeli Finance Minister,
Benjamin Netanyahu were aware of the London Bombings that occurred on the 7th
July 2005 at least 24 hours prior to the event.
Andrew S. MacGregor
The purpose of this Whitepaper is to exhibit the growing threat of suicide bombings on public transportation systems. Included in the paper is a brief history of suicide bombings and recent case studies. Current forms of protection and future avenues of prevention are discussed.
|QUOTE (amirrortotheenemy @ Oct 16 2008, 11:40 PM)|
|QUOTE (indisguise @ Oct 17 2008, 11:50 PM)|
I believe that the main argument in this article - that the article was mistakenly published on 7 July 2005 instead of 8 July 2005 - is incorrect. I have checked my local saved copy of Halevi's article and looked at a few copies on the web. Halevi writes today and not yesterday as this article claims.
edit: I have previously worked out when Halevi's article was published. It was published near 5pm BST.
|The only way to prove or disprove MacGregor's claims would be to look at copies of the printed edition.|
|The present deputy-commissioner of the Met Police, Ian Blair, was already on scene as a detective inspector.|
We knew each other very well and he turned to me and said, "Peter, I think we've had a bomb explosion here."
I asked him why and he said, "At least one of the casualties has metal deep inside him... but we're not going to go public on it."
|London 1987 November:|
Mossad agent arrested on suspician in the July 22, 1987 London murder of cartoonist Naji Al Ali.
Palestinian studying in London, Ismail Suwan, arrested and questioned, found to be Mossad agent.
Thatcher closes Mossad’s London base located in Palace Green, Kensington.
|On March 11, former Mossad chief Ephraim Halevy, in an interview with Israel Radio, stated that the White House had seen a “radical” change due to Obama’s efforts to “rehabilitate” the image of Islam in United States and the Western world by removing the terrorism brand that has been affixed to it. Halevy cited the Obama policy change as the reason for the change in the White House’s attitude toward Israel.|
However, Halevy was careful to isolate the White House from the rest of the Obama administration. Halevy’s ploy, coupled with Mitchell’s revelations about the pro-Israel bias of Hillary Clinton’s State Department, is an indication that the Netanyahu regime and its agents inside the Obama administration and Washington power circles are attempting a “divide and conquer” policy with regard to the Obama administration.