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Title: Elephant/human conflict 2012

Space4Eles - January 4, 2012 06:49 PM (GMT)
Focus on Sri Lanka:

Farmers demand action on elephants

Nimal Ranjan, an environmental activist, said the principal cause for friction between people and elephants is the growing human population and limited space available for the elephants.

“The human population is increasing, the forest is decreasing,” said Ranjan. “The government should take steps to prevent people from encroaching into areas where elephants live in large numbers, and these areas have to be protected.”

Human population of Sri Lanka = 21,000,000.
Wild elephant population of Sri Lanka = 6,000.

t&tt - January 4, 2012 11:31 PM (GMT)
Thanks for those population stats, s4e! Seeing those stats vividly brings the bulging human overpopulation problem to the forefront.

Space4Eles - January 5, 2012 01:01 PM (GMT)
Focus on Karnataka, India:

Karnataka High Court rules out translocation of elephants

The bench observed: “Do not think elephants are causing problems; it is we who are causing problems for elephants. If the taskforce is based on this (translocation) platform, it would be better to wind up the same. You started on the wrong foot.”

Space4Eles - January 6, 2012 09:14 AM (GMT)
Focus on India:

Growing man-elephant conflict threat to conservation

At the core of the crisis lies large-scale habitat destruction on the Assam side along the border. "There used to be a long and contiguous stretch of forested buffer area including proposed reserve forests (PRFs) which now stands replaced by tea gardens and human settlements. Much of the buffer was injudiciously allotted to small tea cultivation by the Government," Bankim Sarma, DFO, Dhansiri Division, says.

t&tt - January 8, 2012 05:57 AM (GMT)
Focus on Karnataka, India:

Amazing picutures

Bangalore: Wild Elephants Go on Rampage, Photographer Killed

While running for his life, he tripped and his camera flew from his hands. He tried to catch it, and at the same time was attacked by the elephant. However, sources said that he might have died of shock, as there were no signs of fatal injuries on his body.... [He] was an employee of IBM....

Comment: The IT crowd of Blore have built a strange craze for photography & have been meeting strange accidents going crazy after the lens.This incident is one more sequel to such incidents....

IBM employee? IT crowd? In ele homes? Unbelievably sad.

Space4Eles - January 8, 2012 05:10 PM (GMT)
Thanks for posting, t&tt.

I have started a topic for this incident on the Asia Part 1 forum. I have added your link to that topic.

This death is one of a growing number of cases where photographers have approached too closely to elephants, with fatal results.

Space4Eles - January 9, 2012 05:38 PM (GMT)
Focus on Rajaji National Park (Uttarakhand), India:

Conflict elephant evades “death sentence”

An adult tusker, allegedly involved in human elephant conflict, was captured from Narendranagar Forest Division and relocated to the Chilla Range of the Rajaji National Park on Saturday in a joint operation by the Uttarakhand Forest Department, Wildlife Institute of India (WII) and the Wildlife Trust of India (WTI), after two months of efforts ...

Dr Anil Kumar Singh, WTI has been working on human-elephant conflict mitigation for the past 18 years. He feels there is a need to educate and sensitise people to respect wildlife and give it space.

Space4Eles - January 11, 2012 01:10 PM (GMT)
Focus on India:

Jumbo trouble: Farmers ready to sell their lands

Worried about the increasing number of conflicts with elephants in the recent past, farmers living on the fringes of the Western Ghats in Hassan district, where elephant movement is rampant, have offered to sell their farm land to the government. About 416 farmers and land owners have agreed to sell their land to make way for elephants if the government purchase’s the land at the rate of Rs 15 lakh per acre ...

Regarding the proposal of the farmers to sell their land, Project Elephant director Mr Ajay Mishra said that it’s essential to assess whether this will really solve the problem.

Space4Eles - January 15, 2012 05:24 PM (GMT)
Focus on Sri Lanka:

Pregnant female jumbo felled by shotgun
By Kumudini Hettiarachchi

It was a double tragedy – the bullets not only killed the cow-elephant but also the unborn baby she was carrying at Demaliya, close to the northern boundary of the Lunugamvehera National Park last Wednesday ...

Anguished conservationists were strident in their calls for the urgent mitigation of the human-elephant conflict.

WARNING: The article is accompanied by a very distressing photo of the elephant.

Space4Eles - January 18, 2012 01:24 PM (GMT)
Focus on Thailand:

Thai pact aims to end conflict between humans, elephants

Veera Sriwattanatrakul, governor of Prachuap Khiri Khan province, 240 kilometres south-west of Bangkok, was quoted by the Bangkok Post as saying the pact, signed Tuesday, would avert man-pachyderm confrontations by providing more food to the elephants within wilderness areas.

"We will create food sources for the elephants in the forest," he said. "It will be expensive, but we have to do it to ensure that wild elephants and people can live in harmony here and bring an end to these problems."

It will also more clearly delineate the borders between national parks and farmland.

Space4Eles - January 22, 2012 10:34 AM (GMT)
Focus on Karnataka, India:

Ways to contain man-elephant conflict suggested

Bangalore: As part of steps to resolve man-elephant conflict in the state, Karnataka Forest Minister CP Yogeshwar on Saturday suggested strict measures including stopping encroachment of forest land by resorts and jungle lodges and industry.

Space4Eles - January 23, 2012 09:52 AM (GMT)
Focus on Karnataka, India:

Now, a task force to combat man-elephant conflict

According to MoEF's order, the task force will “look into the entire gamut of issues related to man-elephant conflict in Karnataka, with special reference to the Hassan-Kodagu area.”

It will also examine the feasibility of translocating elephants through consultation with local communities, international experts in elephant behaviour and others ...

At a press conference at the end of the workshop, Forest Minister C.P. Yogeshwar said that recommendations to the Government would include the translocation of elephants in the conflict-ridden taluks of Hassan. “We will capture the 25 elephants and translocate them to a distant place as an experimentation, and if they return, we will take them into captivity,” he said.

Space4Eles - February 10, 2012 08:22 AM (GMT)
Focus on Borneo and Amboseli, Kenya

What elephants want: Ranging and raiding in Asia and Africa

The first study compares the behavior of Asian elephants in fragmented versus non-fragmented forests in Borneo. Using a satellite tracking program to monitor five female elephants, the researchers found that the home range, or the area covered by a wild animal over the course of a year, for elephants in non-fragmented forest was approximately 250 to 400 square kilometers. When the forest was fragmented, though – primarily by human developments such as roads, farms, and villages – the home range nearly doubled, to about 600 square kilometers ...

Furthermore, the elephants were more likely to raid if their elephant “friends” were raiders as well. It’s not all about peer pressure though – the effect gets stronger the older the raider friends are, suggesting that the elephants are actually learning from their older, wiser companions.

Space4Eles - February 10, 2012 04:54 PM (GMT)
Focus on Zimbabwe:

Lone baby elephant dies in Zimbabwe

[KUNDA at rest. This is an AP copyright article, so I cannot give a quote. But please read the compassionate words in the last paragraph]

Space4Eles - February 29, 2012 06:11 PM (GMT)
Focus on Borneo:

Three more deaths further endanger elephants

Three deaths in a year may seem an insignificant figure but not so for the endangered elephants of Pahang which number about only 190 in the wild.

Space4Eles - February 29, 2012 06:20 PM (GMT)
Focus on India:

Relocate stray jumbos to save human lives

"The elephants ... got stranded when the work on the National Highway began in 2001. Road separated the elephant corridor and forced the animals to stay back here ... the animals have apparently turned restless.

The problem is compounded by those cultivating banana, groundnut, vegetables and coconut nearby the forests. Several farmers have made deep bore wells that have led to the depletion of the water table within the forest area. This forces animals to come out in search of food and water."

Space4Eles - March 1, 2012 10:30 AM (GMT)
Important paper by Cynthia Moss and others.

Focus on Africa:

The Influence of Life History Milestones and Association Networks on Crop-Raiding Behavior in Male African Elephants

Factors that influence learning and the spread of behavior in wild animal populations are important for understanding species responses to changing environments and for species conservation. In populations of wildlife species that come into conflict with humans by raiding cultivated crops, simple models of exposure of individual animals to crops do not entirely explain the prevalence of crop raiding behavior. We investigated the influence of life history milestones using age and association patterns on the probability of being a crop raider among wild free ranging male African elephants; we focused on males because female elephants are not known to raid crops in our study population. We examined several features of an elephant association network; network density, community structure and association based on age similarity since they are known to influence the spread of behaviors in a population. We found that older males were more likely to be raiders than younger males, that males were more likely to be raiders when their closest associates were also raiders, and that males were more likely to be raiders when their second closest associates were raiders older than them. The male association network had sparse associations, a tendency for individuals similar in age and raiding status to associate, and a strong community structure. However, raiders were randomly distributed between communities. These features of the elephant association network may limit the spread of raiding behavior and likely determine the prevalence of raiding behavior in elephant populations. Our results suggest that social learning has a major influence on the acquisition of raiding behavior in younger males whereas life history factors are important drivers of raiding behavior in older males. Further, both life-history and network patterns may influence the acquisition and spread of complex behaviors in animal populations and provide insight on managing human-wildlife conflict.

Space4Eles - March 2, 2012 08:31 AM (GMT)

Focus on Bangladesh:

Bangladesh elephant habitats encroached

Forced out of their habitats by expanding human settlements, pachyderms are venturing into villages.

Space4Eles - March 8, 2012 09:05 AM (GMT)
Focus on India:

Farmers vexed with delay in land acquisition for elephant corridor

Frustrated with the continuing elephant attacks and resultant loss of life and crop, as many as 416 farmers cultivating 2,361 acres of land abutting forest area in Sakleshpur taluk agreed to relinquish their land for the proposed elephant corridor. But, the bureaucrats are in no hurry to acquire the land, rued Attihalli Devaraj, president Hassan Wildlife Society (HWS), an association formed to protect the interests of farmers and animals.

Space4Eles - March 9, 2012 08:41 AM (GMT)
Focus on Malaysia:

Larson Electronics Magnalight Spotlights Help Elephant Conservation Efforts

In the ever growing need for more land and growth, the wild elephant habitat is shrinking as land is cleared for farming and the production of cash crops. Elephants which normally had free range are frequenting these newly developed areas and feeding on newly established crops; which in turn is resulting in serious conflicts between local farmers and the elephants. Rather than simply kill the elephants as was done in the past, Malaysian wildlife authorities are sending out teams to locate, tranquilize and capture, and then relocate elephants which have become a problem.

Read more here:

Space4Eles - March 10, 2012 07:20 PM (GMT)
Focus on China:

Wild elephants get free meals

"Elephants have been seen eating at the 'canteen' quite a few times. We hope that with this food source, elephants will pay fewer visits to farmland and the conflicts with farmers will ease," he said ...

Since the free canteen was established, the elephants have still come to eat villagers' crops, but not as frequently as before, he said.

Space4Eles - March 12, 2012 10:32 AM (GMT)
Focus on India:

Chilli-coated rope fencing to deter elephants

“Under the cost-effective tool, a long jute or cotton rope will be immersed in a solution of chilli, tobacco and engine oil which will then be erected in the ‘entry passes’. Chilli has been found to be an irritant to the elephants ... However, if it rains the chilli mix will get easily washed out.”

Space4Eles - March 14, 2012 11:41 AM (GMT)
Focus on Sumatra:

Three elephants deaths being investigated in Riau

It is believed the dead elephants were originally from a group living in Tesso Nilo National Park. The area where the dead elephants were found had earlier been converted into oil palm plantations.

Based upon initial information, the elephants died from being poisoned. Officials speculated that the elephants were possibly looking for water near the river after they realized they had been poisoned. (ANTARA)

Space4Eles - March 16, 2012 05:10 PM (GMT)
Focus on Sri Lanka:

Sri Lanka to confine wild elephants in a kraal in North Central Province

The wild life officials are to capture and kraal the wild elephants roaming and harming the people and their crops.

The government says the population growth coupled with development projects caused the decrease in the forest cover, resulting in a change in the migratory patterns of elephants and aggravating the human-elephant conflict.

Space4Eles - March 16, 2012 06:32 PM (GMT)
Focus on Botswana:

Bots battles big elephant herd

Botswana is struggling to control an increasing population of elephants. Members of Parliament this week said efforts to diversify the economy through agriculture were being stymied by the large elephant herd ...

Discussion with neighbouring countries for transfrontier parks was vital as that would rationalise benefits.

Space4Eles - March 20, 2012 04:53 PM (GMT)
Focus on India:

Trouble in jumbo land

"This resort is in a crucial corridor for elephants and other large mammals between Bandipur and Mudumalai tiger reserves and obstructs the movement of wildlife. The area has also been recently declared as eco-sensitive zone and it is illegal to have a resort here according to Environment Protection Act 1986. More importantly, there is a waterhole right next to the resort and wildlife do not have any water resources for several kilometres and the resort blocks the utilisation of water for wildlife,” Mr Harish informed.

Space4Eles - March 29, 2012 07:56 AM (GMT)
Focus on Bengal, India:

Bengal to set up rescue centres for stray jumbos

In a bid to reduce man-elephant conflict and rehabilitate jumbos driven away from the herd, the West Bengal government is planning to set up two 'Elephant Rescue Centres' on a pilot basis.

"Instances of elephants straying away from the forests have been on the rise, resulting in man-elephant conflicts in the state. The stray elephants often destroy crops or kill humans or are killed in the process," West Bengal Forest Minister Hiten Barman told IANS.

"In order to rehabilitate the stray jumbos, we plan to set up two rescue centres of 100 acre each in north and south Bengal. Currently, a survey is on to locate the proper locations of the centres and a report of the same is expected by the end of this month," Barman added

Space4Eles - April 2, 2012 01:21 PM (GMT)
Focus on India:

Electric fence is no solution to human-elephant conflict

Conservationists second his opinion. “It is alright to have a fence with regulated power or trenching between the fringe areas of the forests and the villages. The villagers should be advised not to connect the direct electricity lines to fences. The department should check the fences for the right voltage. The trenches were harmless when it comes to elephants but care should be taken to ensure that the trenches do not trap elephants or injure them,” said Sanjay Gubbi, wildlife scientist. HECs have also become a frequent occurrence in the Hassan-Aldur-Sakleshpur-Shiradi stretch and there are reports of HECs in Ramanagaram, which is a new area that has joined the list of HEC problem in the state.

Space4Eles - April 9, 2012 07:27 PM (GMT)
Some positive news for a change.

Focus on Sri Lanka:

Human-elephant conflict turning to clay

The villagers also learned about living in harmony with their environment for the benefit of future generations. Nowadays the potters produce handmade terracotta inspired by the fauna and flora in the nearby park, especially the elephant.

Space4Eles - April 12, 2012 01:27 PM (GMT)
Focus on Malaysia:

Elephants forced to forage into villages

Logging in the Ulu Sat forest reserve near Bukit Bakar here is believed to have driven elephants to smallholdings in several villages here ...

"The rangers arrived at the village about 11am and found a male elephant, which we named Awang Hangus, in the area while the others had left."

Rahmat said the 18-year-old elephant, weighing about 3.5 tonnes, was the second to be captured by the department this year.

Space4Eles - April 13, 2012 11:09 AM (GMT)
Focus on Namibia:

Namibia: Elephant Kills a Person Near Khorixas

Attempts were made to chase the animal away from the communities but it kept returning - probably because of the guaranteed water supply, Sikope alleged ...

"The hunter will shoot the animal and will be able to take with him the trophy. The meat will go to the people in the area, and the hunter may even pay a small fee toward the conservancy to assist them to fix water supply points for instance," said Sikopo.

Space4Eles - April 17, 2012 09:17 AM (GMT)
Focus on Tanzania:

Elephants Now Think Twice About Midnight Snacks in Tanzania

More than 31 villages, in at least four areas of Tanzania, are now using chili fences, according to the Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute. Most are now equipped with "an elephant toolbox" to build the fencing and instructed in maintenance, and there are hopes the strategy will be rolled out nationally.

Anticipating that elephants will adjust to the chili, however, and no longer be warded off by it, experts such as Mr. Malugu are studying still other methods. One possibility is putting radio collars on problem elephants.

t&tt - April 19, 2012 09:43 AM (GMT)
Focus on Mozambique

Elephants terrorise villagers in Mozambique

Rampaging elephants are terrorising Mozambican villages near the Zimbabwe border, attacking people, trampling crops and scaring children, state-run newspaper Noticias reported Wednesday.

"We are using traditional ways to try to scare the animals, but all in vain, because whenever we do something, the monsters disappear for a few days, and when they come back there is no peace," local farmer Joseph Maithe told the paper.

"It even seems they come back to take revenge."

They're intelligent beings and they don't like seeing their land being taken away by overpopulating humans. Of course, they are fighting back! Wake up people!

Space4Eles - April 23, 2012 06:16 PM (GMT)
Focus on Sri Lanka:

Wild elephant attack in Sella Kataragama Sri Lanka

According to the information published on Sunday Observer, that the electric fence that stops wild elephant coming to the villages are in dilapidated condition. Wild life authorities expect more funds to repair the malfunctioning guard against the wild elephants.

Space4Eles - April 27, 2012 06:22 PM (GMT)
Focus on Vietnam

The conflict between wild elephants and humans

Local residents in Phu Ly commune spread chemicals and poison around orchards and fields to drive elephants away. They also throw small gas tanks into elephants and fire tinder. They try plant protection chemicals for their orchards, which may kill the elephants eating the plants.

The conflict between people and elephants has reached the highest peak. Dao said that his quick reaction team has been trying to illuminate to elephants, but he fears this would not succeed for a long time.

“Elephants prove to be very clever. They know we just try to threaten them, while we cannot do anything. When I shouted at a male elephant, he turned round, looked at me and then continued walking, unhurriedly,” Dao said.

Space4Eles - May 5, 2012 08:28 PM (GMT)
Focus on Sri Lanka:

Elephant conservation centre at Horowpothana

He has told media that the decision had been taken because clashes between humans and elephants have grown, resulting in strong conservation needs ...

Since the results
[of the August 2011 wild elephant count] were reported in October 2011, local media have reported the death of at least 100 elephants.

Space4Eles - May 9, 2012 08:48 AM (GMT)
Focus on Malaysia:

Two elephant calves caught

State wildlife director Rahmat Topani said the baby elephants, aged 5 and 3 years and weighing 700kg and 500kg respectively, were in a rubber smallholding after a 30-year-old female elephant, weighing about 2.5 tonnes, was caught by the rangers at 11.45am on Saturday.

"It seemed that the calves were yearning for their mother that they kept searching for the adult elephant after it was caught" ...

He said the elephant family would either be sent to the National Elephant Conservation Centre in Kuala Gandah, Pahang, or released into the wild in the National Park tomorrow.

Space4Eles - May 16, 2012 08:45 PM (GMT)
Focus on Sumatra:

2nd Sumatran elephant found poisoned in Indonesia

[This article covered by AP copyright - I am unable to quote.]

For details of the 1st Sumatran elephant who was poisoned please see the "Palm Oil" topic on the General forum - entry dated 1 May 2012.

Space4Eles - May 21, 2012 06:52 PM (GMT)
Focus on Malaysia:

"We will continue with our efforts to capture them to reduce the number of elephants in the area ...
Since it is a young female, we believe it would be easily accepted by existing herd elephants in the Belum forest reserve."

Space4Eles - May 21, 2012 07:21 PM (GMT)
Focus on India:

Paddy comes to rescue of elephants in Arununchal

The state forest department and Wildlife Trust of India (WTI) Monday distributed around 10,000 kg of rice among 100 families living near the reserve ... under the grain-for-grain programme.

'People residing in the vicinity of Pakke are highly-affected by wildlife crop depredation problems. In 2011-2012, wild elephants extensively damaged crops of around 100 families of poor farmers,' divisional forest officer of the reserve Tana Tapi told IANS.

'The grain is being distributed among these families as a measure to provide them some relief,' he added.

[10,000 kg = approx. 10 tons]

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